The information needed to conduct the fundamental analysis shown in these lessons can be found online via your online broker.
Fundamental analysis at its core is an attempt by fundamental investors to value shares of a company based on multiple factors. These factors include current economic trends in the world, trends in the companies industry, and trends of the specific company being evaluated. Fundamental investors will also look at things like company management, how fast the company has grown in the past, the companies balance sheet, and much, much, more.
The end goal of an investor that focuses on fundamental analysis is to come up with a value for what shares of a company should cost and compare them to what they currently cost. Because the price of a companies stock constantly changes, it does not always reflect what the value of the company really should be. If a fundamental investor can find a stock with shares that are priced lower than their analysis says they should be, they can then purchase shares of that stock and wait for the price to rise to match the true value of the company.